Urban waste recycling in Ghana: Creating and capturing value (CapVal)
Waste management represents a major challenge for many cities. Only a fraction of the waste is collected, while treatment facilities remain unable to operate optimally. The project, CapVal, proposes three resource recovery and reuse (RRR) solutions that have a high potential to incentivize local sanitation planning and management in Ghana, reduce waste transport costs, support the lifetime of landfills, and reduce environmental impacts: 1) Through the establishment of a co-composting facility in the Yilo-Krobo Municipal Assembly (Eastern Region), Jekora Ventures Ltd. will annually transform up to 5,000m3 fecal sludge and 300 tonnes of organic solid wastes into up to 200 tons of safe compost (Jekora Fortifer”). 2) Given the high dependence on wood and charcoal and their negative impact on forest resources and health of women and children, we will convert organic solid waste into low-cost fuel (briquettes) for use by households and institutions. The 1,000 tonnes/year briquette plant will also be sited at Yilo-Krobo Municipal Assembly (Eastern Region). The International Water Management Institute (IWMI) and partners will adapt existing technology and optimize the production process for the local context, allowing Jekora Ventures Ltd. to transform up to 1,800 tonnes/year of organic solid waste into non-carbonised briquettes. In addition to job creation and improvement in environmental sanitation, this enterprise will increase access of households to clean energy with long term positive impact on forest resources. 3. Our third intervention is in treated wastewater-fed aquaculture, based on studies by IWMI and partners on the potential for the production of African catfish in well-treated wastewater. CapVal proposes to validate this business case with a proof of concept at the Chirapatre wastewater treatment plant in Kumasi, in collaboration with the Kumasi Metropolitan Assembly (KMA). Proceeds from the business will be fed back into the maintenance of the treatment plant. All three interventions will be supported by the appropriate capacity development of the private and public sectors.