Multiple use water services scoping study for identifying barriers and potentials for scaling
This scoping study, carried out by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) in collaboration with the International Water and Sanitation Centre (IRC), identifies barriers and potentials for scaling-up Multiple-Use water Services (MUS). Five countries with high potentials for scaling-up MUS for poverty alleviation are selected: India, Nepal, Ethiopia, Ghana and Tanzania. In the last two countries, the project collaborates with the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA). Scaling pathways are explored from different entry points: first, with the domestic sector as entry point ('domestic-plus' for climbing the water services ladder); second, the irrigation sector ('irrigation-plus' for improving year-round access to water for non-irrigation uses); third, initiatives to promote MUS technologies as such (e.g., rope-and-washer pumps, small reservoirs, piped gravity flows), and, fourth, 'community-driven MUS' (as in India's National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, where over 60% of the social assets created by wage laborers are for harnessing and accessing water and drought proofing). The study informs a MUS search process by the Rockefeller Foundation, which will be completed in 2011.