FAO-AU Scoping Irrigation Study for Africa
In sub-Saharan Africa, agricultural production will need to double by 2050 relative to 2012. To sustain food production and reduce poverty for the growing population on the continent in the era of global changes, the African Agenda 2063 has proposed that water productivity from rainfed and irrigation agriculture should increase by 60% from the 2013 estimates; harvest at least 10% of rainwater for productive use; and recycle at least 10% of wastewater for agricultural and industrial use. For these targets to be achieved, all forms of water conservation practices must be explored – covering the continuum of rainfed to fully irrigated systems. The agriculture and irrigation sector contributes significantly to job creation, food security and rural livelihood improvement across Africa. The AU has developed the Irrigation Development and Agricultural Water Management framework to realise this potential, based on four typologies. However, the IDAWM framework has not yet been applied to establish the status of irrigation and agricultural water management along the four development pathways in African countries. This project will compile, collate, and review the status of irrigation and agricultural water management interventions in the African regions and provide recommendations in country profiles that can be accessed to guide investment in the sector and operationalise the IDAWM framework. The overall objective of this study is to survey the status, opportunities and challenges of irrigation and agricultural water management practices in Ghana, Burkina Faso, D.R. Congo, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Zambia and Burundi along the four established pathways identified in the IDAWM Framework.